1.- What do you do?
A.What do you do?
B.Fine, thank you.
C.I’m a college student.
D.I do well in my studies.
2.- I didn’t mean to do that. Please forgive me.
A.Not too bad.
B.That’s all right.
C.It’s a pleasure.
3.- Wow! This is a marvelous room! I’ve never known you’re so artistic.
A.Great, I am very art-conscious.
B.Don’t mention it.
C.Thanks for your compliments.
4.- Good morning, may I speak to Mark, please?
B.Who’s that speaking?
C.Who are you?
D.Who wants to speak to Mark?
5.- I think he is a good lecturer.
A.Sorry, it doesn’t matter.
B.So do I.
C.Yes. It’s a good idea.
D.I don’t mind.
Chinese New Year, which is also called the Spring Festival（节目）, is the most important festival in China. The holiday begins on the first day of the new cycle（循环）of the moon, which occurs in late January or early February. The celebration will last 2 weeks.
In the week before the New Year, families clean their houses in order to sweep away all the bad lucks.
On the evening before the New Year, families gather for a big feast（盛宴）. They prepare all kinds of dishes and dumplings（饺子）. At midnight, they set off fireworks（焰火）.
On the first day of the New Year, people put on new clothes and then they take gifts to friends and relatives. The adults（成人）usually give new year bonus（压岁钱）to their children.
During the Spring Festival, the most special activity is the dragon and lion dances. As many as 50 or more people support special dragons and lions which are made of cloth, while dancing down the street.
The celebrations end with the Lantern Festival（元宵节）on the 15th day of the 1stmonth of the lunar year.
6.The most important festival in China is the Spring Festival.
7.The celebration of the Spring Festival will last 2 weeks.
8.In order to get away the bad lucks in the old days, in the week before the Spring Festival, people light fireworks.
9.On the first day of the Spring Festival, the children are given some money.
10.The dragons and lions which people use in the dances are made of metal.
What makes a person a scientist? Does he have ways or tools of learning that are different from those of others? The answer is “no”. It is not the tools a scientist uses but how he uses these tools that makes him a scientist. You will probably agree that knowing how to use a power is important to a carpenter. You will probably agree, too, that knowing how to investigate, how to discover information, is important to everyone. The scientist, however, goes one step further, he must be sure that he has a reasonable answer to his questions and that his answer can be confirmed by other persons. He also works to fit the answers he gets to many questions into a large set of ideas about how the world works.
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The scientist’s knowledge must be exact. There is no room for half right or right just half the time. He must be as nearly right as the conditions permit. What works under one set of conditions at one time must work under the same conditions at other times. If the conditions are different, any changes the scientist observes in a demonstration must be explained by the changes in the conditions. This is one reason that investigations are important in science. Albert Einstein, who developed the Theory of Relativity, arrived at this theory through mathematics. The accuracy of his mathematics was later tested through investigations, and Einstein’s ideas were shown to be correct. A scientist uses many tools for measurements. Then the measurements are used to make mathematical calculations that may test his investigations.
11.What makes a scientist according to the passage? ________
A.The tools he uses.
B.The way he uses his tools.
C.His ways of learning.
D.The various tools he uses.
12.The underlined part in the passage shows_______.
A.the importance of information
B.the importance of thinking
C.the difference between scientists and ordinary people
D.the difference between carpenters and people with other jobs
13.A sound scientific theory should be one that _________.
A.works not only under one set of conditions at one time, but also under the same conditions at other times
B.does not allow any changes even under different conditions
C.can be used for many purposes
D.leaves no room for improvement
14.The author quotes the case of Albert Einstein to illustrate __________.
A.that measurements are keys to success in science
B.that accuracy of mathematics
C.that investigations are important in science
D.that the mathematical calculations may test his investigations
15.What is the main idea of the passage? ________
A.The theory of relativity.
B.Exactness is the core of science.
C.Scientists are different from ordinary people.
D.Exactness and ways of using tools are the keys to the making of a scientist.
16.We’ve missed the last bus. I’m afraid we have no ________ but to take a taxi.
17.So little ________ about chemistry that the lecture was completely beyond me.
A.did I know
B.I had known
C.did I knew
18.The reason I did not go abroad was _____ a job in my home town.
C.that I got
D.because of getting
19.He _______ driving me home, even though I told him I lived nearby.
20.Twenty people were ________ wounded in the air crash.
What is a museum? A museum is a good place to keep __21__ and beautiful things. A museum may be a place to learn about science. A museum can be a place __22__ art of Indians or animals. What is inside a museum? Some museums have old cars and airplanes.__23__ museums have pictures and statues (雕像). Others have rocks and old bones. One museum even has a coal mine inside! Many cities have museums. Some very smalltowns have museums,__24__. Indianapolis has achildren’smuseum. Children do not have to pay to get in. Children go to the museum often. They like to look at the dinosaur bones. They see a white bear ten feet tall. They go inside an old log cabin (小木屋). On Saturday, Indianapolis children can__25__ talks about animals and trees. They see movies.
26.It’s still raining today!
27.I feel lonely without you.
28.I didn’t hear what you said to him.
29.I’ve lost interest in my work.
30.You and your team can discover the answers to problems together.
31.What time do you go swimming every day?