1.- Wow! This is a marvelous room! I’ve never known you’re so artistic.
A.Great, I am very art-conscious.
B.Don’t mention it.
C.Thanks for your compliments.
2.- I heard Susan surprised her teacher by working hard.
– Yes, ______
A.her teacher worked hard.
B.Susan worked hard.
C.the teacher was surprising.
D.Susan was surprised.
3.- Have a cup of tea, _________?
– Thanks a lot.
4.- You seem to be lost. Need help?
A.Yes, would you please help me with the bag?
B.Help me find my key, please.
C.Yes, with pleasure.
D.I’m looking for Zhongshan Road.
5.- Would you like to go to the concert with us this evening?
A.No, I already have plans.
B.I’d love to, but I’m busy tonight.
C.No, I really don’t like being with you.
D.I’m ill, so I shouldn’t go out.
In ancient time the most important examinations were spoken, not written. In the schools of ancient Greece and Rome, testing usually consisted of saying poetry aloud or giving speeches.
In the European universities of the Middle Ages, students who were working for advanced degrees had to discuss questions in their field of study with people who had made a special study of the subject. This custom exists today as part of the process of testing candidates for the doctor’s degree.
Generally, however, modern examinations are written. The written examination, where all students are tested on the same questions, was probably not known until the nineteenth century. Perhaps it came into existence with the great increase in population and the development of modern industry. A room full of candidates for a state examination, timed exactly by electric clocks and carefully watched over by managers, resembles a group of workers at an automobile factory. Certainly, during examinations teachers and students are expected to act like machines.
6.In the Middle Ages students never wrote exams.
7.The main idea of paragraph 3 is that workers now take examinations.
8.The word “degree” in paragraph 2 means academic title.
9.Modern examinations must have developed before the Middle Ages.
10.It may be concluded that testing has changed since the Middle Ages.
Today Newton is a very clean place. Many years ago, however, there were millions of rats in it. They attacked the cats and dogs. Sometimes a great number of them knocked down a man or woman walking home at night. The rats were very large in size and they harmed many people.
The Government ordered everybody to kill rats. Most people were lazy, so they didn’t kill many. The Government promised to pay some money for each dead rat. That made the people very happy. They killed thousands of rats everyday. A Government officer put all the dead rats in a big pile. Sometimes a man brought hundreds in one day.
After two weeks there were not many rats in the city, but people still brought many rats to the Government office. The Government officer thought that people were stealing dad rats from the pile. He ordered his men to dig a deep hole and put the rats in it. Soon there were no more rats, and the Government didn’t pay any more money.
11.Newton is a place which ______.
A.used to be very clean
B.is no longer a city
C.is very clean
D.will be very clean
12.When the Government first ordered the people to kill rats, the people ______.
A.asked for some money for each dead rat
B.stole dead rats from the pile
C.were too lazy to kill many rats
D.killed nearly all the rats quickly
13.The people killed rats ______.
A.to get money from the Government
B.to help the Government make the city clean
C.to make the Government officer happy
D.to protect（保护）their cats and dogs
14.A deep hole was dug so that ______.
A.the rats couldn’t come out to attack people at night
B.people could take rats from it easily
C.people would kill more rats
D.nobody could take any rats from the pile
15.What is the best topic for this passage?
A.How to Kill Rats
B.Newton一A City of Rats
C.How Newton Became a Very Clean Place
D.How Newton Became a Famous City
16.______delicious these moon cake are!
17.John succeeded _______ what he wanted.
18.They have planted _______trees in SaiBei, It’s a “Great Green Wall” of trees.
19.Once environmental damage ______, it takes many years for the system to recover.
A.is to do
20.The top of the Great Wall is ________ for five horses to go side by side.
Man has always wanted to fly. Even as long as eight hundred years ago, an Englishman had tried. He made a pair of __21__ from chicken feathers and fixed them to his shoulders. Then he jumped from a tall building. As you can imagine, he did not fly very far. __22__, he fell to the ground and broke several bones. The first real attempt at flying took place in France in 1783. The two Mongolian brothers knew that hot air rose. If they could fill a large balloon with hot air, they thought it would rise into the air and __23__. They were right. They made a very large hot air balloon of cloth and paper. It measured ten meters in diameter. They filled it with hot air and the balloon got two hundred meters into the air. It fell to earth about three kilometers __24__.
At the next attempt, they arranged for a balloon to carry passengers. We do not know what the passengers felt about the trip as they were a cock, a duck, and a sheep. But we __25__know that the trip lasted eight minutes and the animals landed safely.
26.But Little Smart (小灵通) is not really that smart.
27.I’m not an English major student.
28.The shop is open till ten at night every day.
29.The prices of vegetables are different from place to place.
30.I hurried to my office.
31.She likes to help any one who is in difficulty.
Why Do Students Learn English?